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A lawful permanent resident or a Green Card holder is a foreign national who has been granted the privilege of permanently living and working in the United States of America.
If you are a lawful permanent resident in the United States, you can apply a green card for your relative (spouse and unmarried children) to become a lawful permanent resident.
There are two subcategories in this immigration preference known as "second preference". Preference 2A is for spouses or unmarried children under age 21 of permanent residents, and preference 2B is set aside for unmarried children of 21 years of age or older.
A person married to a permanent resident can apply for a green card under this category. On the other hand, to qualify as a "child" in this category, the person must be the son or daughter of a permanent resident, who is unmarried. An adopted child qualifies as long as the adoption was finalized before the child's 16th birthday, the adoptive parents have legal custody of the child for two years (before or after the adoption), and the child resides with the adoptive parents for two years (before or after the adoption). A stepchild qualifies as long as the marriage had occurred before the stepchild's 18th birthday.
The annual visa allotment available for the entire second preference group is 114,200, plus any visas not used by the first preference. 77% of these annual visas go to the 2A subcategory, and the other 23% go to the 2B subcategory. Please see Visa Bulletin for the latest information on usage of the visa quota.
There are two scenarios for spouses and children of permanent residents to apply for immigration:
For more information on spouses and children of permanent residents, please click on the following links: