An adopted child may enjoy immigration benefits based on the adoption if:
If an alien child is adopted within the U.S. before the child's 16th birthday, there should be no problem establishing the relationship between the adoptive parent(s) and the child. If the adoption occurs outside the U.S., full legal documentation is extremely helpful for establishing a relationship that is valid for immigration purposes. An adoption unaccompanied by legal papers, such as a common law adoption, may be more difficult to prove to an immigration officer.
Special Issue--Adopted Sibling
A sibling of an adopted child is also considered a child for immigration purposes, if the following qualifications are met:
For example, Niki, a 14 year old girl was adopted by a U.S. citizen couple. Six months later, her 17 year old brother Joseph was also adopted by the same couple. Joseph may enjoy immigration benefits based on the adoption if he has been in the custody of, and resided with, this couple for two years.
For more detailed information on I-130 Process Adoption and Immigration, please visit on one of the following relevant links: